Known as the "King of spices", Pepper or Piper Nigrum is one of the most valued and important commodities traded globally including Malaysia. In 2018, the cultivation area of pepper by smallholders in Malaysia covered 17,437 hectares of which 98% of the cultivation is in Sarawak and 2% in Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia with total production of 31,073 metric tonnes.
Currently, Malaysia is the sixth largest pepper producer in the world. In 2018, Malaysia has exported 11,713 metric tonnes of pepper worth RM201 million to Japan, China, Hong Kong, South Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. Malaysian pepper is also exported to other countries for instance Europe, Americas, Australia and New Zealand.